Anthrax - Symptom, Causes, Treatment of Anthrax
Anthrax is a
disease of animals (sheep, cattle, goats, horses)
by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis, that is shed from sores on
animals as spores which can
for decades on animal hair and in soil. Anthrax is
a disease of domesticated and wild animals,
herbivorous animals, such as cattle, sheep, horses, mules, and goats. Humans
by chance when brought into
with diseased animals, which includes their flesh, bones, hides, hair and excrement.
is too known as woolsorters disease, may be
carried to humans by
beasts or their products. Human infection is
through a break in the skin or, very
polluted meat or
pass around in one of three ways. Most persons who are
to anthrax become ill within one week:
- Skin (cutaneous) - Most anthrax infections
contaminated animal products such as wool, bone, hair, and hide. The infection appears when the bacteria
a cut or scratch in the skin.
- Inhalation (lung) -
take a breath
in the spores of the bacteria. However, the infectious dose for inhalational anthrax is
needs exposure to a
number of spores (8,000-10,000).
- Gastrointestinal -
anthrax by eating
polluted meat which has not been
Symptom of Anthrax
After infection the
period is 3 to 5 days. Skin infection (
on the hand or arm) starts as a red lump, which over some days
blistered and then
and covered with a black scab. There can be fever, flu like symptoms, and swollen, tender glands in the armpit. Lung infection
More Common Sign and Symptoms
- Skin (cutaneous) - This is the most
form of anthrax. Infection
needs a break in the skin. The
symptoms include itching where the skin has been
impacted. Then, a large boil or sore
seems. The sore becomes
by a black scab. If not treated, the infection may be
to the lymph nodes and bloodstream.
- Inhalation - Inhalation anthrax has been very
in the U.S.
symptoms include fever, fatigue, malaise and a cough or chest pain. High fever, rapid pulse, and
intense rigor breathing follow in 2-5 days. Inhalation anthrax is
- Gastrointestinal - This form
eating infected, undercooked meat.
symptoms may be include fever; abdominal pain, loose, watery bowel movements; and vomiting with blood.
Diagnosis & Treatment of Anthrax
when the Bacillus anthracis bacterium is
in the blood, skin lesions, or respiratory secretions by a laboratory culture.
antibiotics which are
to treat anthrax. Treatment is
in cases of cutaneous (skin) anthrax and is
in inhalation and gastrointestinal anthrax if begun
in the course of infection.The diagnosis is
anthrax bacteria in substitute taken from the sores or sputum. Appropriate antibiotics clear up the infection and
its spreading to nearby skin.
It may too be
antibodies in the blood of
persons. Nose swabs are not a