Aortic Valve Disease - Symptom, Causes, Treatment of Aortic Valve Disease
The aortic valve
starting, of the aorta where it
the left ventricle, of the heart, which pumps
pertly, oxygenated blood into this
artery for distributian
the bady. The two
aortic valve diseases are aortic stenosis and aortic regurgitation. Aortic valves can
(stenotic), causing them not to open fully, or curled at the edges and leaky (aortic valve regurgitation or insufficiency), resulting in a backflow of blood into the left ventricle.
Aortic incampetence appears when the valve cusps
stretched, or shrunken so that they are
to a tight valve. A leaking aortic valve is
called deficiency, incompetence and regurgitation. It may be
that a stenotic valve is too be
or incompetent and so
regurgitation is to be
Blood leaks back into the ventricle,
its walls and
with evary beat. Aortic valve disease may be
such as a
of rheumatic heart disease, ensue from the
of aging, or be of
Aortic stenosis happens when disease
the cusps to
thickened, hardened and stuck
unitedly, so that the valve cannot open
and, its opening is narrawed (stenased). The heart
has to work
ta push blood through the valve, and a
amount, of blood reaches the aorta with all heart beat. The aortic valve may be
by a join of incampetence and
Causes of Aortic Valve Disease
Aortic valve disease can be congenita
from rheumatic fever in childhood, congenital abnarmalities, of the heart, or aartic valve, or anything
which causes hardening, or shrinkage, of the valve such as
endocarditis (inflammatian, of the valves and lining, of the heart), or arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries).
Symptom of Aortic Valve Disease
An aortic valve disorder
any symptoms in its
stages. Aortic valve disease may
no symptoms so long as the heart can camponsate by pumping harder, when the heart muscle can no longercope, back pressure, of blood builds up, first in the lungs,
symptoms, of pulmonary oedema
shortness of breath, and then in the veins, resulting in the accumulatian, of
fluid in bady tissues (swallen neck veins, enlarged liver) and
symptoms, of congestive cardiac failure.
In stenosis there may
be angina pectoris (chest pain) an exertian because
blood reaches the coronary arteries to
required by the heart muscle during exercise. As the problem
develops, it may
shortness of breath, angina (chest pain), light-headedness, dizziness, and even fainting,
upon exertion. Many
people with aortic stenosis
free of symptoms.
For aortic regurgitation, daily checks are too be
to make sure that the heart is not
extend. This may
even with mild symptoms.
Diagnosis of Aortic Valve Disease
There are a lot of pathologies that can
murmurs which are
from the aortic valve.
- Aortic stenosis
- Aortic sclerosis
- Aortic regurgitation
- Subacute bacterial endocarditis
- Dilatation of the root of the aorta which may also
to a leaking valve.
- Flow murmurs. These are turbulence from
cardiac output in anaemia, thyrotoxicosis and marked aortic regurgitation.
- Murmurs originating from the pulmonary valve with disease of that valve or ASD. The pulmonary and aortic areas are too be close.
Treatment of Aortic Valve Disease
Limitations on strenuous activity (
lifting heavy objects) are
for those with aortic stenosis. Pulmanary oedema or congestive cardiac failure
be treated if the heart can no longer compensate for the valve disarder. The
exists, of three semicircular flaps known as cusps. In a
valve the cusps open with each heartbeat allowing blood to be pumped into the aorta, and clase
as the heart relaxes,
blood from flawing back into the ventricle.
or replacement, of the valve can also extremely help
the patient's outlook in a lot of cases. A
the blood flowing through the valve. It's a nice way of
the narrowing or leaking of an
aortic valve. If there is doubt about the severity, a cardiac catheterization may be needed. This
threading small tubes, called catheters, into the heart from blood vessels in the arm or groin. It is
required earlier an operation.