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Aortic Valve Disease - Symptom, Causes, Treatment of Aortic Valve Disease


The aortic valve consist at the starting, of the aorta where it departs the left ventricle, of the heart, which pumps pertly, oxygenated blood into this leading artery for distributian passim the bady. The two essential aortic valve diseases are aortic stenosis and aortic regurgitation. Aortic valves can embroider thick and contract (stenotic), causing them not to open fully, or curled at the edges and leaky (aortic valve regurgitation or insufficiency), resulting in a backflow of blood into the left ventricle.

Aortic incampetence appears when the valve cusps transform stretched, or shrunken so that they are incapable ta close decently. Aortic stenosis adverts to a tight valve. A leaking aortic valve is diversely called deficiency, incompetence and regurgitation. It may be fenced that a stenotic valve is too be deficient or incompetent and so possibly regurgitation is to be choosed. Blood leaks back into the ventricle, adulterate its walls and progressive the work required with evary beat. Aortic valve disease may be noninheritable, ensue from infection, happen such as a ensue of rheumatic heart disease, ensue from the care of aging, or be of undiagnosed origin.

Aortic stenosis happens when disease reasons the cusps to transform thickened, hardened and stuck unitedly, so that the valve cannot open decently and, its opening is narrawed (stenased). The heart
has to work difficult ta push blood through the valve, and a decreased amount, of blood reaches the aorta with all heart beat. The aortic valve may be involved by a join of incampetence and
stenosis.

Causes of Aortic Valve Disease

Aortic valve disease can be congenita occur from rheumatic fever in childhood, congenital abnarmalities, of the heart, or aartic valve, or anything which causes hardening, or shrinkage, of the valve such as endocarditis (inflammatian, of the valves and lining, of the heart), or arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries).

Symptom of Aortic Valve Disease

An aortic valve disorder normally does not induce any symptoms in its earlier stages. Aortic valve disease may induce no symptoms so long as the heart can camponsate by pumping harder, when the heart muscle can no longercope, back pressure, of blood builds up, first in the lungs, reasoning symptoms, of pulmonary oedema containing shortness of breath, and then in the veins, resulting in the accumulatian, of inordinate fluid in bady tissues (swallen neck veins, enlarged liver) and some other symptoms, of congestive cardiac failure.

In stenosis there may too be angina pectoris (chest pain) an exertian because lacking blood reaches the coronary arteries to furnish the excess oxygen required by the heart muscle during exercise. As the problem develops, it may raise shortness of breath, angina (chest pain), light-headedness, dizziness, and even fainting, particularly upon exertion. Many aged people with aortic stenosis stay free of symptoms. For aortic regurgitation, daily checks are too be valuable to make sure that the heart is not extend. This may find even with mild symptoms.

Diagnosis of Aortic Valve Disease

There are a lot of pathologies that can expose murmurs which are ostensibly from the aortic valve.

  • Aortic stenosis
  • Aortic sclerosis
  • Aortic regurgitation
  • Subacute bacterial endocarditis
  • Dilatation of the root of the aorta which may also conduct to a leaking valve.
  • Flow murmurs. These are turbulence from advanced cardiac output in anaemia, thyrotoxicosis and marked aortic regurgitation.
  • Murmurs originating from the pulmonary valve with disease of that valve or ASD. The pulmonary and aortic areas are too be close.

Treatment of Aortic Valve Disease

Limitations on strenuous activity ( particularly lifting heavy objects) are suggested, specifically for those with aortic stenosis. Pulmanary oedema or congestive cardiac failure essential be treated if the heart can no longer compensate for the valve disarder. The valve exists, of three semicircular flaps known as cusps. In a goodish valve the cusps open with each heartbeat allowing blood to be pumped into the aorta, and clase taut as the heart relaxes, preclude blood from flawing back into the ventricle.

Surgical adjustment or replacement, of the valve can also extremely help the patient's outlook in a lot of cases. A standardised method (Doppler) evaluate the blood flowing through the valve. It's a nice way of determine the narrowing or leaking of an vicarious aortic valve. If there is doubt about the severity, a cardiac catheterization may be needed. This affect threading small tubes, called catheters, into the heart from blood vessels in the arm or groin. It is commonly required earlier an operation.

 

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