Bunion - Symptom, picture, Causes, Treatment of Bunion
Bunion is a disfigurement of the head (far end) of the bone called the first metatarsal on the inner edge of the fore-foot where it
the big toe. Bunion
only the foot is
for bunion surgery. A sedative may also be
during the procedure. The big toe is pushed
toes and the joint
side of the foot.
in women than men and
both feet. They
as a result of long-term sideways
on the big toe from tight-fitting shoes.
on an outpatient basis.
Causes of Bunion
a lot of
of bunions, but the
closed, ill-fitting shoes, shoes which
the forefoot over a
period of time. High heels and
forefoot shoe gear are the
reasons of Hallux Valgus.
reasons of bunions are leg-length discrepancies, with the bunion
on the longer leg, and trauma
to the joint of the big toe.
Here is the list of
reasons of bunion:
- The most
fitting footwear. This accounts for an
women then men.
- Family narration of bunions
- Abnormal foot
pronation. If a chiropodist/ podiatrist
this term he is referring to
rolling in of the foot at the ankle joint while you are walking.
- Rheumatoid or osteoarthritis.
and neuromuscular diseases which can
in a muscular imbalance such as Down's syndrome.
- If one leg is longer then the
another, the longer leg is more
- If the ligaments in the feet are eminently weak.
cases, bunions can
to trauma or injury to the feet
Symptoms of Bunion
redness, swelling and pain which may be
margin of the foot. A bunion is much frequent
in women than men referable to women wearing tighter fitting shoes. This situation can cause a
soft tissue and bony complaints which may
pain. In the
the joint with a felt pad with
pain, and wearing well-fitting shoes may
preclude advance injury
to the joint. Once the deformity is
demonstrated, surgical removal of the bony overgrowth
attention of a podiatrist is the
Treatment of Bunion - Surgery Treatment
when painful bursitis inflammation of a bursa
over the joint,
by overgrowth of the underlying bone and
of the joint.
there is also a
over the joint, which
to the pain and
shoe-fitting even more serious.
types of bunion surgery are:
- Remotion of part of the metatarsal head (the part of the foot which is bulging out). This technique is known as exostectomy.
- Realignment of the soft tissues ( ligaments ) over the big toe joint.
- Removal of a
wedge of bone from the foot (metatarsal osteotomy) or from the toe (phalangeal osteotomy).
- Dismissal of bone from the end of the first metatarsal bone, which
of the big toe (metatarsophalangeal joint). At the metatarsophalangeal joint, both the big toe and metatarsal bones are
- Fusion (arthrodesis) of the big toe joint.
- Fusion of the joint where the metatarsal bone
the mid-foot (lapidus procedure).
- Implant insertion of all or part of an