Cryptosporidiosis - Cryptosporidiosis Symptom, Causes, Treatment
What is Cryptosporidiosis?
infection induced by single-cell parasites of the genus Cryptosporidium. Cryptosporidiosis is
vertebrates, including birds, fish and reptiles, and isfound world wide. The species C.parvum has been
with diarrhoeal illness in humans and domestic animals,
calves and lambs.
Cryptosporidiosis is induced by Cryptosporidium parvum, a microscopic one-celled parasite which can
in the intestines of humans, farm animals, wild animals, and pets.
Cryptosporidia endure in the small intestine and
animals pass fertilised eggs, known as oocysts, in their faeces. The oocysts are healthy and can suvive in the
for weeks or months. They are
to chlorination and some other chemical disinfectants
for drinking water, but are
by boiling and can be
removed by filtration.
Cryptosporidiosis parasites are
in the stool of
persons and animals. People
cryptosporidiosis when they
of disease include parasite
stool, food, and water. Water or food
by oocysts passes on the infection, that may also
from communication with
animals or people. Young children, overseas travellers, male homosexuals and people
for those with cryptosporidiosis are most
to be abscessed.
Symptoms of Cryptosporidiosis
with watery diarrhoea, often
by abdomnal cramps, nausea, vomiting and
The most symptoms are abdominal cramps and watery diarrhea. Less
usually, there are nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and
grade fever. These may
to weight loss and dehydration.
for 5 to 10 days before subsiding
rapidly. They are
in people with immuno defect, and relapses are
The incubation period for cryptosporidiosis
from two to 12 days and
about seven days.
Diagnosis and Treament of Cryptosporidiosis
The diagnosis is
if cryptosporidial oocysts are
in the faeces of people with diarrhoea. Cryptosporidiosis is
in a laboratory by
a stool sample for oocysts. A health-care worker who
order testing for Cryptosporidium, since routine tests do not test for this parasite. There is no
proper care. Rest and measures to
adequate fluid, and salt balance should be
yet the diarrhoea stops.
Patients with cryptosporidiosis should drink
fluids and/or oral rehydration therapy liquid to
dehydration. Assistant care via fluid and electrolyte alternate is necessary.
Prevention of Cryptosporidiosis
Infection can be
by boiling any drinking water which has not been through town water
and the risk can be
by handling and disposing of human or animal faeces
cautiously, and cleaning hands
before eating preparing food that will not be latterly cooked. Affected people should not
fill intended for others, and affected infants shouldnot attend day-care or preschool centres until at Ieast 24 hours after all symptoms have stopped.
Several prevention tips:
water or food that may be contaminated, including unpasteurized milk. Do not drink water
from streams, lakes, springs or any
obtain. If you equivocal your drinking water is
insecure, bring it to a rolling boil for one minute
wash hands with soap and water:
- Afterward using the toilet or changing diapers
stools from animals
- After gardening or other direct
3. If you
in a child-care center where you
children's diapers, wash hands in
the right way between every child. If you utilise gloves,
gloves between every child.
4. If you take care of cryptosporidiosis patients, clean hands after bathing patients, emptying bedpans, changing soiled linen, or otherwise coming in
with the patients' stools.
5. If you have cryptosporidiosis, clean your hands
the disease to other members of your household.
6. Peoples with diarrhea should not employ