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Cushings Syndrome - Symptom, Causes, Treatment of Cushings Syndrome


Cushings Syndrome may also lead from long-term high-dose care with cortico steroid drugs. Cushing's syndrome appears when the body's tissues are display to immoderate levels of cortisol for long periods of time. A lot of people feel the symptoms of Cushing's syndrome because they take glucocorticoid hormones such as prednisone for asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus or other instigative diseases.

Symptom of Cushings Syndrome

Symptom of cushings syndrome include fat deposits close to the face neck and trunk; weariness; muscular weakness; salt and water retention; acne; leisurely bruising; menstlruall irregularities; and signs (in women) of virilisation, such as increase of the voice, commute in body, shape, loss of scalp hair, and extend in facial and body hair. Complications of cushings syndrome include advanced blood pressure, The symptoms and signs of cushings syndrome induced by a chronic redundant of corticosteroid hormones in the blood. The redundant may be acquired by a tumour of the outer part (cortex) of the adrenal gland, or may be referable to over inspiration of the adrenal glands by a tumour the pituitary gland.

Many children and teenagers with Cushing's syndrome will exhibit various of the following:

  • extreme weight gain
  • growth retardation
  • missed periods in teenage girls
  • excess hair growth
  • acne
  • reddish-blue streaks on the skin
  • high blood pressure
  • tiredness and weakness
  • either very early or late puberty

Adults with the disease may also have symptoms of intense weight gain, redundant hair growth, high blood pressure, and skin difficulties. In addition, they may show:

  • muscle and bone weakness
  • moodiness, irritability, or depression
  • sleep disturbances
  • high blood sugar
  • menstrual disorders in women and diminished fertility in men

Causes of Cushings Syndrome

Cushing's syndrome is the term utilised to delineate the clinical effects of raised glucocorticoid action on the body. Cushing's syndrome can appear when:

  • A person assume inevitable hormones for a extended time as treatment for some other disorder or disease, for instance, taking a steroidal anti-inflammatory for arthritis.
  • The body generates too much cortisol. Too much cortisol is developed when the pituitary and adrenal glands are not working in the right way. This can be induced by:
  • A noncancerous tumor of the pituitary gland which acquires extend amounts of the hormone adrenocorticotropin (ACTH). This, in turn, induce the adrenal glands to acquire too much cortisol. This form of Cushing's syndrome is determined as "Cushing's disease."
  • Several kinds of cancerous tumors in different parts of the body can develops ACTH, causing the adrenal glands to generate extra cortisol.
  • Development on the adrenal glands, which may or may not be cancerous, can induce the adrenal glands to relinquish redundant cortisol.

Treatment of Cushings Syndrome

Treatment of cushings syndrome is by castigation of the under lying cause. Treatments for Cushing's syndrome are contrived to pass your body's cortisol production to normal. By indurate, or even distinctly lowering cortisol levels, you'll feel evident improvements in your signs and symptoms. Left untreated, however, Cushing's syndrome can finally induce to death. The treatment choice depend on the cause. For example:

  • If a tumour in an adrenal gland is the reason, an operation to withdraw it will cure the condition.
  • For adrenal hyperplasia, both adrenal glands may require to be withdraw. You will then require to take lifelong replacement therapy of several adrenal hormones.
  • Other tumours in the body that produce 'ectopic' ACTH may be able to be removed, depending on the kind of tumour, where it is, etc.
  • Medication to block the production or consequence of cortisol may be an choice.

How is Cushing's syndrome diagnosed?

Diagnosis is established on a survey of the patient's medical history, somatic examination and laboratory tests. Frequently x-ray exams of the adrenal or pituitary glands are beneficial for locating tumors. These tests assist to find out if excess levels of cortisol are demonstrate and why.

 

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