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Epiglottitis- Symptom, Causes, Treatment of Epiglottitis


Epiglottitis is the soreness of the epiglottis, the leaf-shaped flap of cartilage at the back of the tongue which acts as a valve and closes off the opening into the airways during swallowing so that food cannot enter.

Acute epiglottitis is severe, rapidly progressing irritation of the epiglottis and surrounding tissues resulting from infection by the bacterium Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib). It may be deadly because the swollen, adorned structures can blockade breathing. Epiglottitis primarily impacts children aged 2 to 5 years, but can appear at any age.

Symptoms of Epiglottitis

A very painful throat, muffled voice and high fever germinate abruptly in a earlier well child, who seems pale, very ill, open-mouthed and drooling (due to incapacity to swallow saliva). Breathing becomes increasingly more problematic and rapid, and attempts to breathe in induce a soft noise (stridor) and a drawing inner of the muscles between the ribs and superior to the collarbones. The child may germinate cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin and other tissues) and become semiconscious from need of oxygen.

Treament of Epiglottitis

Speed is vital, and it is necessary to secernate acute epiglottitis from viral CROUP. The patient must be admitted to hospital for violent care as soon as epiglottitis is suspected. Emergent whole obstruction of the upper airways can appear so unpredictably that a tube must be passed into the trachea (windpipe ) by the nose or mouth so that air can enter the lungs. Or, if this is not executable, a tracheostomy will be required. Antibiotics are given intravenously. With instigate cure and skilled nursing the outlook is nice. There is mostly enough amelioration for the tube to be withdraw within 60 hours, with entire improvement in 7 to 10 days.

Complication of Epiglottitis

The bacteria can propagate from the epiglottis to cause PNEUMONIA, MENINGITIS, PERICARDITIS, arthritis, or abscesses beneath the skin, but these complications are infrequent if antibiotics are started early

Prevention of Epiglottitis

The vaccines now visible for childhood immunisation against meningitis induced by H. influenzae type b will also obviate acute epiglottitis.

 

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