Epiglottitis- Symptom, Causes, Treatment of Epiglottitis
Epiglottitis is the soreness of the epiglottis, the leaf-shaped flap of cartilage at the back of the tongue which acts as a valve and closes off the opening into the airways during swallowing so that food cannot enter.
Acute epiglottitis is severe, rapidly progressing irritation of the epiglottis and surrounding tissues resulting from infection by the bacterium Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib). It may be
because the swollen,
children aged 2 to 5 years, but can
at any age.
Symptoms of Epiglottitis
throat, muffled voice and high fever
abruptly in a earlier well child, who seems pale, very ill, open-mouthed and drooling (due to incapacity to swallow saliva). Breathing becomes
and rapid, and attempts to breathe in
a soft noise (stridor) and a drawing inner of the muscles between the ribs and
superior to the collarbones. The child may
cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin and other tissues) and become semiconscious from
Treament of Epiglottitis
Speed is vital, and it is
acute epiglottitis from viral CROUP. The patient must be admitted to hospital for
care as soon as epiglottitis is suspected.
Emergent whole obstruction of the upper airways can
so unpredictably that a tube must be passed into the trachea (windpipe ) by the nose or mouth so that air can enter the lungs. Or, if this is not
executable, a tracheostomy will be
required. Antibiotics are given intravenously. With
cure and skilled nursing the outlook is nice. There is
for the tube to be
within 60 hours, with entire
in 7 to 10 days.
Complication of Epiglottitis
The bacteria can
from the epiglottis to cause PNEUMONIA, MENINGITIS, PERICARDITIS, arthritis, or abscesses beneath the skin, but these complications are infrequent if antibiotics are started early
Prevention of Epiglottitis
The vaccines now
for childhood immunisation against meningitis induced by H. influenzae type b will also