Heart Attack- Symptom, Causes, Treatment of Heart Attack
Heart Attack is the
eternal injury to an area of heart musde due to
blockage of one or moreover of the coronary arteries. The blockage that cuts off the blood supply to the muscle, may be
to an embolus (foreign matte rin the blood stream) or thrombosis (the
formation of clots) in a coronary vessel
by atheroma (fatty deposits in the lining). The medical
for heart attack is myocardial infarction.
Symptom of Heart Attack
symptom of heart attack is severe,
chest pain which may
to the left arm. The onset of pain is
hour or so. Pain may also be
in the neck, right arm, upper abdomen or in the middle of the shoulder blades.
breathlessness, cold sweats, feelings of panic, nausea and vomiting, and
loss of consciousness. Injury to the heart musde may be so
that it reasons
HEART FAILURE and
heartbeat induced by Ventricular Fibrillation may occur.
Treatment of Heart Attack
A doctor and ambulance should be
if heart attack is suspected. In hospital the diagnosis is
by ectrocardiograph (ECG) and measurement of enzymes which are reased into the blood by the injured heart muscle.
treatment is by pain relief, drugs or DEFIBRILLATION to
heart failure or
heartbeat, drugs to
dissolve any dot, anticoagulant drugs (to prevent further dots) in somecases, and drugs to
the work of the heart.
the patient may be treated by coronary ANGIOPLASTYor CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS to prevent
Outlook of Hear Attack
Virtually deaths from heart attack
within the first few hours,
as a result of ventricular fibrillation and heart failure. People who have had an attack are at
risk of having a
attack, but the risk can be extremely
by angioplasty or bypass; by longterm low-dose aspirin to
the risk of thrombosis; by control of high blood pressure and
blood fats; and by adopting the healthy lifestyle
by the National Heart Foundation.