Herpes Simplex- Symptom, Causes, Treatment of Herpes Simplex
Herpes Simplex is the
sores, induced by herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection, which usually develop where moist lining membranes meet the skin
the mouth, nose, the genitals and the anus.
There are two
types of HSV: type I and type II. Type I
induces cold sores close to the mouth. Most people who obtain oral herpes have been
before the age of 5. Type II frequently affects the genital region, and is
inherited. However, either type can
any part of the body
with stratified epithelium (a surface layer which is many cells thick) including the buttocks, thighs, neck, vagina and cervix, the lining of the mouth and the cornea (diaphanous area in front of the coloured part of the eye).
Herpes simplex is most
caught by direct
with another person's sore. The virus
in through a break, that may be too small to be
discovered, in skin or membranes. Due to kissing and
sexual intercourse are the most
close encounters we have with others (and are also
breaks in membranes or skin), the mouth and genitals are the most
The virus is occasionally delivered by contaminated hands or utensils -
the way it
when oral herpes infects school children, or when the eye becomes
Herpes is equivalent frequent
in males and females. It
worldwide and is most
among children in inferior socioeconomic groups who
in crowded environments.
Saliva, stool, urine, skin lesions, and
eye exudate are
sources of infection.
A baby may be
during birth if the mother has a
herpes sore at the time, or if it has contingence with the virus (by kissing or from contaminated hands) in the
months of life.
Symptoms of Herpes Simplex
After a person becomes
there is an incubation
of 2 to 21 days before symptoms seem for the first time. This is known as the
attack (subsequent attacks are called recurrences). Tingling sensations may
of painful red blistered swellings at the site of infection. After a day or so blisters break
to form ulcers, that
merge to form larger ulcers. Nearby glands
painful. Later on 1 to 3 weeks the body's apology begin to over come the multiplication and
of the virus at the
site of infection. The ulcers dry and form scabs, and when the scabs drop off the skin
them will have healed.
of herpes may be very
with fever, headache and aching muscles at its height. Swelling and ulcers can
widely and be very painful. In
herpes, swelling close to the opening of the urethra (that drains urine from the bladder) can
it severe or almost contrarious to pass urine. Recurrences are seldom as severe as the
Signs and symptoms
- mouth sores
- genital lesions (female) -- may be
by burning or tingling feeling
- fever blisters
- blisters or ulcers -- usually on the mouth, lips and gums or genitalia
- genital lesions (male) -- may be
by burning or tingling feeling
- fever -- may be
during the first episode
- extension of lymph nodes in the neck or groin
Diagnosis of Herpes Simplex
Frequently the history and the aspect of the sores are allusive enough for treatment to be
begun. If there is doubt a blood test may be
fluid from a blister or the surface of the ulcer is utilised to try to grow the virus in the laboratory. Results
about 3 days.
Laboratory tests include specific microscopic examinations and blood tests for antibodies. Several tests are only
stages, and more than one of these tests may be
of herpes. Genital herpes can be
disorders, including syphilis.
Treament of Herpes Simplex
During the leading attack, dictated antiviral drugs will
the sternness of the symptoms within 24 hours, limit the size of the
them to clear up more
fast. The antiviral drug must be
within 72 hours of the onset of the
attack or it will not work. Bed rest is
normal. Bathe the sores each few hours with
salt water (1 teaspoon per liter).
The better way to
the pain is to use ice or a local anaesthetic and antiviral cream or gel, and
painkiller such as aspirin or paracetamol.
A 5% acyclovir ointment may bring help to patients with
herpes or to immunosuppressed patients with HVH skin infections. Intravenous acyclovir
If genital herpes
or very painful, use a local anaesthetic jelly to the
area before hand. Urination may be
while in a warm bath or shower. If you cannot
your doctor at once.
Recurrences may also be effectively
with antiviral drugs. If attacks
more than 10 times a year or are
turning more severe, a long-term course of antiviral drugs will prevent recurrences
while the drug is being
Herpes infections can be
by avoiding direct contact with sores or ulcers of somebody who has an active herpes infection - either on the mouth or on the genitals.