Hodgkin's Disease - Symptom, Causes, Treatment of Hodgkin's Disease
Hodgkin's Disease ia a
illness in which there is abnormal over-growth of lymphatic tissue (where lymphocytes are
in the lymph glands and spleen, but occasionally in the liver, bone marrow and several other tissues.
to be a kind of lymphoma (cancer of lymphatic tissue).
People who have had Epstein-Barr virus, that can induce infectious mononucleosis (mono), may be at a
higher chance for Hodgkin's.
It may be
to one region or
throughout the body.
The exect reason of Hodgkin's disease is
unidentified, but because the disease resembles low-grade graft-versus-host disease,
affected immune function is suspected. Hodgkin's disease is
before the age of 10, and is most
diagnosed between 15 and 35 or after the age of 60. It is four times more
in males than in females.
Symptoms of Hodgkin's Disease
Painless extension of one or more groups of lymph glands (
in the armpits or neck) is frequently the first symptom. Several other
symptoms vary according to the site and extend of the illness and its rate of
develop, that ranges from very slow to
speedy. There may be bouts of fever; night sweats; weight loss; itching of skin; jaundice; bone pain or easy fracture; assemblage of
fluid in different body parts due to
lymphatic drainage; wheezing and breathing
If swollen lymph glands compress the trachea (windpipe); abnormal sensations, weakness or paralysis if the spinal cord is
pretend; and tiredness, paleness and shortness of breath if anaemia
from replacement of normal bone marrow by the abnormal lymphatic tissue. In
Hodgkin's disease, the body's protection against infection becomes
infections which would
be minor can induce serious illness.
Diagnosis of Hodgkin's Disease
Hodgkin's disease is
if characteristic cells, known as Reed-Sternberg cells, are
on biopsy of an enlarged lymph gland. X-rays, CT scans and biopsy of several other organs may be
the extent and stage of the disease. Your doctor may
a series of tests to
if you have Hodgkin's Disease. The tests may
involve, blood tests, x-rays, ct scans, and/or and MRI.
- CT (or CAT) scan : A
of detailed pictures of areas interior the body.
- MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) : Detailed pictures of areas interior the body
with a powerful magnet
to a computer.
Treament of Hodgkin's Disease
Radiotherapy, anti-cancer drugs or a association of the two will
many patients. The treatment chosen relies on the stage of the
illness at diagnosis.
being treated for Hodgkin's lymphoma, the doctor may advised follow-up examinations for a few years to
a return of the disease or the
of another cancer, a
side affect of treatment.
in radiation therapy and chemotherapy are enabling many patients to
this once dreaded disease.