Huntington Disease - Symptom, Causes, Treatment of Huntington Disease
Huntington Disease is an
disorder which induce declension of nerve cells in
parts of the brain. Men and women are
equivalent by Huntington disease (HD) - previously known as Huntington's chorea. Symptoms
between the ages of 30 and 50 and
Advance symptoms include spontaneous flicking movements of the limbs, face and trunk (chorea), plus
forgetfulness and personality changes, Psychiatric illnesses such as MANIC-depressive disorders or schizophrenia may
before or after the
of physical symptoms.
have symptoms for up to 10 years before they
they have Huntington's disease. Most people are diagnosed between the ages of 30 and 50, although this can
much previously or later.
As the disease
and gait unsteady, and rigidity may
in several muscle groups, such as those of the shoulder and neck. The patient is
agitated, and reasoning and udgement become
There is no
for HD. Drugs are
chorea and agitation; physiotherapy and good nursing can
The mutation that induce HD is dominant, so people who
the gene will
HD on to half their children.
people with an
parent can have
tests to see whether they have
the gene, and
counselling to help them to
whether they wish to have children.
testing by chorionic
villus sampling (taking a sample of foetal cells) can
in most cases whether a foetus
Treatment of Huntington Disease
Because Huntington's disease has no
cure, treatment is
confirmative, protective, and intention at relieving symptoms. Tranquilizers as well as chlorpromazine, haloperidol, and imipramine help
choreic movements, but they can't
mental decadence. They also alleviate inconvenience and depression, making the patient
to manage. However, tranquilizers increase patient implacability.
choreic movements without rigidity, choline may be dictated. Institutionalization is
due to mental deterioration.
Prevention of Huntington Disease
Hereditary counseling is
if there is a family history of Huntington's disorder. This may
DNA analysis of
family members. Since the odds which the child of a person with Huntington's disease will be
are so high, people with the disease may wish to
adoption or forms of
reproduction which can
the chance that the disease will be passed on to their children.