Cytomegalovirus - cmv cytomegalovirus infection
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is
general between humans, with up to 80 per cent of adults
antibodies to CMY in their blood, although many of these have no history of symptoms. Later on infection the virus may
in the blood for months and be
in saliva, urine faces, vaginal fluid, semen and milk.
Cytomegalovirus is not
extremely infectious. It is
from close personal
with people who
the virus in their body fluids (e.g., saliva, urine, blood, breast milk, semen, and even transplanted organ tissue). It also can be
from the throat and uterine cervix. The infection is
(such as kissing, sex, or sharing the same fork or spoon), blood transfusion or organ transplant, or it may
the placenta to
Symptoms of Cytomegalovirus
healthy adults the infection induce no symptoms. Others
fever and flulike symptoms which may last
to hepatitis and a rash. People whose immune system is
(as in aids, immunosuppressant drug treatment later on organ transplant or severe chronic disorders) can become
ill from the
of CMY on the lungs, digestive system, nervous system, eyes and kidneys. Infection of the foetus may
in miscarriage, stillbirth, or serious disease of the infant. Patients with a situation which suppresses the immune system should
for the following eye symptoms while
the care of a physician.
- Floaters (spots, bugs, spider webs)
- Light flashes
- Blind spots
- Blurred vision
- Obstructed areas of vision
Diagnosis of Cytomegalovirus
CMY in secretions. and
antibodies in the blood.
In patients where CMV infection can be
(newborn infants, organ-transplant patients, and people being treated for cancer or who have immune disorders such as AIDS),
CMV infections may be
handled with intravenous (IV) antiviral medication,
in a hospital. Oral antiviral medication may also be utilised at home once the infection is
control and the patient is substantial.
Treatment of Cytomegalovirus
There is no
and no vaccine. In
people the illness
normally decrease spontaneously.
Transmission of CMV by blood transfusion has been
donors or by applying techniques which withdraw CMV from the donor blood.
Likewise, pasteurization or freezing of donated human milk has
the likelihood of CMV transmission by breast-feeding. Thorough hand washing following
with urine, and saliva from
those who attend day care centers is advised.
Several of the new antiviral drugs can
the symptoms, such as eye intricacy, but immunodeficient patients are
to get a relapse when the drug is
quit. CMV is primarily a
for some high-risk groups, including:
- unborn babies whose mothers become
affected with CMV during the pregnancy
- children or adults whose resistant systems have been
diminished by disease or drug treatment, such as organ transplant recipients or people