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Cytomegalovirus - cmv cytomegalovirus infection

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is general between humans, with up to 80 per cent of adults geting antibodies to CMY in their blood, although many of these have no history of symptoms. Later on infection the virus may stay in the blood for months and be eliminated in saliva, urine faces, vaginal fluid, semen and milk.

Cytomegalovirus is not extremely infectious. It is constricted from close personal adjoin with people who eliminate the virus in their body fluids (e.g., saliva, urine, blood, breast milk, semen, and even transplanted organ tissue). It also can be caducous from the throat and uterine cervix. The infection is extend by close touching (such as kissing, sex, or sharing the same fork or spoon), blood transfusion or organ transplant, or it may pass the placenta to affect a foetus.

Symptoms of Cytomegalovirus

In numerous healthy adults the infection induce no symptoms. Others evolve fever and flulike symptoms which may last some weeks and develop to hepatitis and a rash. People whose immune system is conquered (as in aids, immunosuppressant drug treatment later on organ transplant or severe chronic disorders) can become highly ill from the cause of CMY on the lungs, digestive system, nervous system, eyes and kidneys. Infection of the foetus may produce in miscarriage, stillbirth, or serious disease of the infant. Patients with a situation which suppresses the immune system should determine for the following eye symptoms while below the care of a physician.

  • Floaters (spots, bugs, spider webs)
  • Light flashes
  • Blind spots
  • Blurred vision
  • Obstructed areas of vision
  • Abrupt reduce of vision

Diagnosis of Cytomegalovirus

Diagnosis is sustained by discover CMY in secretions. and peculiar antibodies in the blood. In patients where CMV infection can be grievous (newborn infants, organ-transplant patients, and people being treated for cancer or who have immune disorders such as AIDS), severe CMV infections may be handled with intravenous (IV) antiviral medication, normally in a hospital. Oral antiviral medication may also be utilised at home once the infection is nether control and the patient is substantial.

Treatment of Cytomegalovirus

There is no proper heal and no vaccine. In vigorous people the illness normally decrease spontaneously. Transmission of CMV by blood transfusion has been almost liquidated by the utilise of non-CMV- affected donors or by applying techniques which withdraw CMV from the donor blood. Likewise, pasteurization or freezing of donated human milk has decreased the likelihood of CMV transmission by breast-feeding. Thorough hand washing following adjoin with urine, and saliva from teenage children, particularly those who attend day care centers is advised. Several of the new antiviral drugs can assuage the symptoms, such as eye intricacy, but immunodeficient patients are probable to get a relapse when the drug is quit. CMV is primarily a difficulty for some high-risk groups, including:

  • unborn babies whose mothers become affected with CMV during the pregnancy
  • children or adults whose resistant systems have been diminished by disease or drug treatment, such as organ transplant recipients or people abscessed with HIV


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