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Alopecia Areata - Symptoms & Treatment


Alopecia areata is considered an autoimmune disease, in which the immune system, which is designed to protect the body from alien attackers such as viruses and bacteria, erroneously attacks the hair follicles, the small cup-shaped structures from which hairs develop. In many cases, the illness does not enlarge beyond some bare patches. In some people, hair loss is other extensive. Although unusual, the disease can growth to cause total loss of hair on the head (medically known to as Alopecia areata totalis) other entire loss of hair on the head, face, and body . It is believed that the person’s genetic makeup my start the autoimmune response of alopecia areata, together with a virus other a substance the person arrives into contact with.

Alopecia areata is an unpredictable illness. In some people, hair grows back but falls out again afterward. In others, hair grows back and remains. Every case is unique. Even if someone loses all of his or her hair, there is an opportunity that it will grow back. Alopecia Areata is also known as patchy baldness other baldness in spots. Alopecia areata is a cosmetic condition which adversely affects psychological condation which lowers the self-esteem. Researches are leaving on regularly to find out the best course of treatment for this disease.

Alopecia areata is ascribed to many reasons. It appears that hair loss occurs because of autoimmune factor in which antibodies attack healthy cells of body in search of imperfect cells. In this case, healthy cells are the hair follicles. This condition may be also. According to a few studies, mental stress is also a factor causing this illness.  AA may also cycle through expression and remission. When hair does begin to regrow, it tends to be of very fine "peach fuzz" hair, eventually regaining most other all of its normal hue and texture. There is neither a cure for the disease nor drugs approved for its cure. In common, treatments are much less effective for widespread alopecia areata.

Causes of Alopecia Areata

Some causes & risk factors of Alopecia Areata are as follows:

  • Lymphocytes of hair follicles release cytokines which inhibiting hair follicle growth
  • The exact cause is unknown but there is evidence of some genetic and heredity factors.
  • It can also trigger by stress.

Symptoms of Alopecia Areata

Some sign and symptoms related to Alopecia Areata are as follows:

  • May have a risk of eczema, asthma, and nasal allergies .
  • New hair grows back, often firstly coloured white other grey.
  • In many patient there is a tingling sensation, burning other very low pain in the affected area.

Treatment of Alopecia Areata

  • Fasalazine: A sulfa drug, is used as a cure for various autoimmune disorders.
  • Corticosteroids: Corticosteroids are powerful anti-inflammatory drugs has likeness to a hormone called cortisol produced in the body.
  • Local injections: Injections of steroids straight into hairless patches on the scalp and sometimes the brow and beard areas are efficiently in increases the hair development in most people.
  • A 5% solution of Minoxidil.
  • Wig or hairpieces are often the best solution.

 

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