Ascariasis - Symptoms & Treatment
Ascariasis, or roundworm illness of the intestines, is frequent throughout the world in mutually temperate and tropical areas where sanitation and hygiene are reduced. Infection arises through intake of food contaminated with feces containing Ascaris eggs. Eggs of the ascaris roundworm are tiny, but adult worms are the largest of the intestinal roundworms, reaching span up to 16 inches (41 centimeters). The peak rates of ascariasis infection arise in places in which sanitation and hygiene are poor. In the United States , ascariasis is most ordinary in rural areas with warm climates. Ascariasis is the most widespread intestinal helminthes illness in the world.
Ascariasis is the most common nematode illness in humans, affecting a quarter of the world's residents. Ascariasis can be at first asymptomatic, and is sometimes noticed by observing the presence of worms in the stool. Most of the time, ascariasis causes no symptoms, or only gentle digestive problems. But when your body is infected with hundreds of worms, more serious symptoms and complications can arise. Ascaris eggs are established in human feces. After feces contaminate the soil, the eggs become contagious after a few weeks. Infection arises when a person inadvertently ingests (swallows) infectious Ascaris eggs. The occurrence of ascariasis is highest in children aged 2-10 years, with the highest intensity of infection occurring in children aged 5-15 years who have simultaneous contagion with other helminths for instance Trichuris trichiura and hookworm.
Causes of Ascariasis
Some causes & risk factors of Ascariasis are as follows:
- It is establish in involvement with poor personal hygiene, poor sanitation, and in places where human feces are used as fertilizer.
- Intake of food or drink infected with roundworm eggs causes contagion.
- Rural or congested living areas with poor sanitation.
- Warm tropical or else sub-tropical climates.
Symptoms of Ascariasis
Some sign and symptoms related to Ascariasis are as follows:
- Persistent cough.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Stern abdominal pain
- A worm rising as of nose or mouth
- Shortness of breath.
- Bloody sputum.
Treatment of Ascariasis
Anti-parasite (anti-helminthic) medications are the first line of cure against ascariasis. The most frequent are mebendazole, albendazole (Albenza) and pyrantel pamoate (Pin-X). These medications effort by killing the adult worms. Each medication can be taken as a single dose. Prevention needs adequate sanitation. Uncooked or unwashed vegetables should be evaded in areas where human feces are used as fertilizer. In cases of heavy infestation, surgery may be required to repair injure the worms have caused and to eliminate worms. Intestinal obstruction or perforation, bile duct impediment and appendicitis are problem that may need surgery. At present no vaccine exists for ascariasis.