Chromomycosis - Symptoms & Treatment
Chromomycosis is a localized chronic fungal skin infection caused by the dark-colored fungi cladophialophora, fonsecaea, phialophora, rhinocladiella usually found in soil and in decaying wood and vegetation, affecting the foot other leg, and infrequently hands, arms and the buttocks. It was firstly described by Max Rudolph in 1914. Chromomycosis is most generally seen in men at the age of 30 to 50 years. Chromomycosis spreads very gradually; it is rarely deadly and usually has a good prognosis, but it can be very difficult to treatment. There are several treatment choices, involve drug and surgery.
Causes of Chromomycosis
Some causes & risk factors of Chromomycosis are as follows:
- Fungi sticks.
- Weakened immune system.
- Bottles fungi.
- Cladosporium fungi.
- Traumatic inoculation of saprophytic soil fungi.
Symptoms of Chromomycosis
Some sign and symptoms related to Chromomycosis are as follows:
- Swelling of affected area.
- Development of small, itchy, enlarging patches.
- If antifungal therapy fails, physician may prescribe surgical excision.
- Mainly it is very hard to cure but some techniques are available to reduce the effect.
- Systemic antifungal therapy such as amphotericin B.
- Surgical technique such as cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen .
- Oral Antifungal Agents such as terbinafine, itraconazole, other ketoconazole continued for at least 1 year.