Crohns Disease - Symptoms & Treatment
Crohns Disease is a long lasting inflammatory disorder generally known as the disorder of intestinal tract which is mostly occur in the lower part of the little intestine called the ileum, but it can affect any part of the body. It is also known as the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, granulomatous enteritis other colitis, ileitis other enteritis. Crohns disease was firstly discovered by Dr. Burrill B. Crohn in 1932. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are simultaneously sometimes referred to as inflammatory bowel illness (IBD). It is not contagious.
Crohns Disease can occur in people of all age group (males and females uniformly) particularly young adults in the ages of 20 to 30. Common symptoms are pain in the abdomen and diarrhea. In Crohn's disease, every layers of the intestine may be comprised, and there can be normal healthy bowel in among patches of diseased bowel. In contrast, ulcerative colitis affects only the superficial layers (the mucosa) of the colon in a more even and incessant distribution, which begins at the level of the anus. Crohn's disease can be a debilitating disease. However, with medical cure and other measures used to reduce the inconvenience of flares, most people learn to cope with the condition. Approximately everybody with Crohn's disease can live a common life.
Crohn's and a associated disease, ulcerative colitis, are the two chief disease categories that belong to a bigger group of disease called inflammatory bowel illness (IBD). In fact, almost 10 percent of colitis cases are incapable to be pinpointed as also ulcerative colitis other Crohn's disease and are called indeterminate colitis. Both diseases do have one strong feature in general. They are marked by an abnormal reaction by the body's immune system. The immune system is composed of different cells and proteins. Normally, these defend the body from infection. In people with Crohn's disease, however, the immune system responds improperly. Researchers believe that the immune system mistakes microbes, such as bacteria that is in general found in the intestines, for alien other invading substances, and launches an attack. These cells then generate injurious products that finally lead to ulcerations and bowel damage.
Causes of Crohns Disease
Some causes & risk factors of Crohns Disease are as follows:
- Diets with in sweet, fatty other refined foods.
- The body’s reaction with the antigens found in the environment or reaction within these antigens.
Symptoms of Crohns Disease
Some sign and symptoms related to Crohns Disease are as follows:
- Skin lesions.
- Skin problems.
- Bowel obstruction.
- Abdominal pain.
- Weight loss.
- Growth failure.
Crohns Disease Treatment
- If the disease is severely affected, then we use intravenous (IV) medications.
- Surgery is required in complicated cases such as abscess formation, blockage of the bowel or when bledding begins. Sometimes after surgery also, Crohn's disease can reoccur itself.
- Cortisone other Steroids such as prednisone to treat severe cases.
- A multivitamin and iron supplement may be recommended by the doctor.
- A small number of patients who provisionally need extra nutrition to, periods of feeding by vein (intravenously).
- Abdominal cramps and diarrhea may be helped the inflammation in the colon by drugs that alleviate often. More severe cases may require steroids, antibiotics other drugs that affect the body’s own immune system.