Dementia - Symptoms & Treatment
Dementia is a word for a faction of symptoms caused by disorders that affect the brain. It is not a precise disease. While dementia is far more common in the geriatric population, it may arise in any stage of adulthood. This age cutoff is defining, as related sets of symptoms because of organic brain dysfunction are given dissimilar names in populations younger than adulthood. People with dementia may not be able to reflect well enough to do normal activities, for instance getting dressed or eating. They may lose their aptitude to solve problems or control their emotions. Their individuality may change. They may become nervous or see things that are not there. Dementia occurs mainly in people older than 65. It is very frequent. In the United States, as a minimum 5 million people have dementia.
Dementia is a non-specific disease syndrome in which precious areas of cognition may be memory, awareness, language, and problem solving. Higher mental functions are affected first in the procedure. Because a few causes of dementia can be cured or moderately treated, it is very vital that your doctor is thorough when making the analysis, so as not to miss potentially treatable conditions. People with dementia can develop into confused, leading to agitated or recurring behavior, which can be very upsetting for everyone anxious. They may also look like irritable, tearful or nervous. The occurrence of dementia has enlarged over the past few decades, either due to greater awareness and more accurate diagnosis, or because increased longevity is creating a larger population of elderly, which is the age group most usually affected.
Causes of Dementia
Some causes & risk factors of Dementia are as follows:
- Demolition of brain cells.
- Head injury.
- Normal pressure hydrocephalus.
- Toxic or traumatic damage.
- Kidney failure, liver disease, thyroid infection.
- Vitamin absence: B12, folic acid, B1 (thiamine).
Symptoms of Dementia
Some sign and symptoms related to Dementia are as follows:
- Alteration in personality.
- Intricacy performing familiar tasks - Driving, cooking a meal, household chores, and supervision personal finances.
- Behavioral transform (for instance increased aggressiveness).
- Memory loss.
- Mood swings, a lot with brief phase of anger or rage.
Treatment of Dementia
While treatments to repeal or halt disease progression are not available for most of the dementias, patients can benefit to some extent from treatment with available medications and other measures, such as cognitive training. For people who have dementia and depression, antidepressants (for instance sertraline and paroxetine) and counseling may help, at least provisionally. Medical care should focus on optimizing the individual's health and eminence of life even as helping family members cope with lots of challenges of caring for a loved one with dementia. Many people with dementia, mainly those in the early stages, may assistance from practicing tasks designed to improve performance in specific aspects of cognitive functioning. For instance, people can every so often be taught to use memory aids, for example mnemonics, mechanical recall devices, or note taking.