Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation - Symptoms & Treatment
Disseminated intravascular coagulation is a pathological process in the body wherever the blood begins to coagulate throughout the entire body. DIC occurs in acute and chronic forms. It seen in men and women are equally. The proteins that control blood clotting are unusually active. DIC can occur intensely but also on a slower, chronic base, depending on the underlying difficulty. It is common in the seriously sick, and can participate in the growth of multiple organ failure, which may lead to demise. Risk factors are recent sepsis, recent damage or trauma, recent surgery or anesthesia, difficulties of labor and delivery, leukemia other disseminated cancer, recent blood transfusion response, and severe liver illness.
DIC is most generally observed in serious sepsis and septic shock. Indeed the growth and severity of DIC correlates with death in severe sepsis. Although bacteremia, including both gram-positive and gram-negative organisms, is most commonly related with DIC, other organisms including viruses, fungi, and parasites may reason DIC. Trauma, particularly neurotrauma, is also frequently related with DIC. DIC is more often observed in those patients with trauma who grow the systemic inflammatory response syndrome. DIC mainly occurs within the microcirculation.
Causes of Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
Some causes & risk factors of Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation are as follows:
- The main cause of DIC is the unbalance of coagulation and anticoagulation.
- Thrombohemorrhagic disorder.
- Irregular blood circulation.
- The small injury may turn to the DIC.
- Tissue trauma such as burns, accidents, surgery.
Symptoms of Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
Some sign and symptoms related to Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation are as follows:
- Renal failure.
- Cough and confusion.
- Decreased platelets.
- Blood clots.
- Drop in blood pressure.
- Sudden bruising.
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation Treatment
- Drug-Heparin sodium.
- Transfusions of blood cells.
- Surgical treatment is limited to treating certain underlying causes.
- Activated Protein C is use to control the growth of blood clotts.
- Cornerstone cure of DIC is the alleviation of the primary disorder.
- The use of heparin in DIC.
- Heparin is one of the treatment which use to prevent from bleeding.
Disseminated intravascular coagulation is diagnosed with the assistance of blood trials which are analyzed to count platelets and clotting factors. When a patient presents with excessive bleeding and he or she is at risk for disseminated intravascular coagulation, doctors try to act hastily. Treatment for this condition is very hard. The use of anticoagulant drugs can be helpful, but it can also be very hazardous as it can trigger a bleed that a patient cannot convalesce from. Patients may also obtain transfusions of platelets, and several other drugs can be used, depending on the patient's case.