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Erythema Multiforme - Symptoms & Treatment


Erythema multiforme represent a range of immunologically mediated diseases because of hypersensitivity to drugs other infections. There is no uniformly accepted definition other classification of Erythema multiforme, and understanding of it precise immunologic basis is lacking. Erythema multiforme, other the classic von Hebra type of erythema multiforme, is a symmetric explosion with a predilection for the extremities.

The characteristic main lesion is a "target" involved of three zones. Centrally there is a disk surrounded by an elevated, pale ring. Mucosal involvement occurs in a majority of cases of EM; however, it is usually limited to the oral mucosa and typically is not severe. Sometimes it can increase in to trunk, face, and mouth or in a few cases it may appear only in mouth. In a few patient spots may occur in both skin and lips. It also known as Stevens-Johnson syndrome.

Erythema multiforme is a sharp, self-limiting, inflammatory skin eruption. It has been so named owing to macules, papules, other sub dermal vesicles presenting a multiform look. It is related with many infections, collagen illness, medicine sensitivities, allergies, also pregnancy. A serious form of this condition is Stevens - Johnson syndrome.

Causes of Erythema Multiforme

Some causes & risk factors of Erythema Multiforme are as follows:

  • Any type of injury to the blood vessels of the skin.
  • Erythema multiforme is a cause of allergic reactions of drugs, infections, and other disease.

Symptoms of Erythema Multiforme

This condition can be related with fever, muscle aches, and not feeling well. It often also affects the mouth, eyes and other damp surfaces. Other symptoms involve "Fever, common ill feeling, and pain in the joints" : -

  • Vision abnormalities.
  • Bloodshot eyes.
  • Dry eyes.
  • Eye pain.
  • Mouth sores.
  • General ill feeling.
  • Fever.
  • Usually symmetrical.

Erythema Multiforme Treatment

EM minor is typically asymptomatic and therefore desires no cure, as the lesions will clear up by themselves within 2-4 weeks. In herpes virus induced EM minor, Zovirax other Valtrex pills will assist, but only if started in the initially few days. Systemic therapy to care for SJS use to be limited to helpful measures, such as placement in a burn unit. It should not be used because when given to with patients with severe mouth and throat sores, it causes them to succumb more readily to deadly respiratory infections. For a completely developed case of SJS, transfer to a burn unit still can be required.

  • Eliminating any medication causing the disorder.
  • Cool compresses.
  • Corticosteroids.
  • Oral antihistamines cure is used to control itching.

 

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