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Onychoschizia - Symptoms & Treatment


Onychoschizia or splitting of the fingernails is one of the most common evils that the dermatologist sees. The usual cause is frequent wetting and aeration of the fingernails. This makes them dry and delicate. This is often inferior in low humidity and in the winter (dry heat). The term onychoschizia consist of splitting, frail, soft or thin nails and nails with ridges. Onychoschizia is more widespread in women. Every day filing of snags or abnormality helps to prevent further breakage or splitting. Avoid metal instruments on the nail exterior to push back the cuticle. If the nails are "buffed" do this in the similar trend as the nail grows and not in a "back and forth" motion because this can induce nail splitting. Nail splitting is perceived more often in women and older individuals.

Causes of Onychoschizia

Some causes & risk factors of Onychoschizia are as follows:

  • Repetitive and extended wetting and drying of the fingernails.
  • Internal disease or vitamin insufficiency.
  • Injury (trauma).
  • People among other skin diseases, for instance lichen planus and psoriasis, as well as people taking oral medications made from vitamin A, may also increase nail splitting.
  • Nail polish remover.

Symptoms of Onychoschizia

The possible symptoms of Onychoschizia includes:

  • Nail splitting involve the fingernails and the toenails. 
  • The condition may emerge as a single horizontal split among layers of the nail plate at the growing end or as multiple splits and loosening of the growing edge of the nail plate.

Treatments of Onychoschizia

The best cure is to avoid recurring wetting and drying of the nails. Use a lotion including alpha-hydroxy acids for instance Neostrata. Maintain nails short, do not strip or scrape off nail polish. Try to carry cotton lined rubber gloves when performing household chores that occupy getting the hands wet. Nail-hardening agents containing formaldehyde may enlarge nail strength, but they should be used vigilantly, as they can cause brittleness and other nail problems. Concern these hardeners only to the liberated edge (growing end) of the nail. Taking colloidal minerals and a multivitamin every day has been revealed to increase the speed of nail growth which in turn leads to healthier nails. Nail polish can defend the nail surface. Nail polishes with nylon fibers in them may append strength and protection to fragile nails. Apply nail polish remover as rarely as probable because it dries out the nails. Biotin (a vitamin) taken by mouth is useful.

 

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